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2000 Horatio Alger Award Winner

Bernard A. Harris, Jr.

President and CEO

"Dreams are the reality of the future, and our dreams tell us who we really are. Nothing is impossible if you believe in your dreams."

Bernard Harris, Jr., who has an older sister and a younger brother, was born in 1956 in Temple, Texas, but, until the age of six, lived in Houston. He remembers well one outing he went on with his parents to the Johnson Space Center when he was five. Amazed by what he saw, this experience would have a tremendous impact on his future. Even then, Harris realized the importance of dreams.

When Harris was six, his parents divorced and he had no further contact with his father until he was 18 years old. "My mother is the one who had the greatest influence on my life," he says. "All the women on her side of the family were matriarchs." Harris's great-grandmother, whose parents were slaves, raised nine children on her own after her husband, a farmer, died suddenly. She became a pillar of her community and her strong feelings of responsibility toward her family were passed down to her daughter and granddaughter.

"Education is how my mother's family separated itself," says Harris. "Oakwood is a small, rural community and we were one of the first families to be educated. It started with my great-aunt, who earned a masters degree in home economics. That led to my mother getting bachelors and masters degrees in education."

Following his parents' divorce, Harris, along with his siblings and mother, moved in with his grandmother for a year. While his mother searched for a teaching position, she worked as a cook at a truck stop. "My grandmother saw an advertisement in the post office that said teachers were needed on the Navajo Indian reservation, " says Harris. "My mother applied and was hired by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. She initially moved by herself to Greasewood, Arizona, to get settled before we were able to join her."

It took Harris's mother six months to earn enough money to buy a car, enabling her to drive back to Texas to pick up her children and return to the reservation. Their new home was Government Issue in a community of only 600 people. "Our housing looked like a military complex," says Harris, "but I thought it was a big step up from where we had been living."

Harris's mother remarried when he was 11, and his stepfather, a policeman, was a positive father figure for him. "He brought me to manhood," says Harris. "I owe a great deal to him. What better role model could you have as a young man than to have your father out serving the public, which he did?" Two years later, Harris and his family moved back to Texas, settling in San Antonio.

Harris was 13 when Neil Armstrong took man's first steps on the moon in 1969. From then on, Harris watched all the space launches and read all he could find about astronauts. "When there was a space mission going on I would go out at night and look at the stars," he says. "I would put myself in their place and share their experiences vicariously." He joined the science and rocket clubs at school and helped form an explorers club.

Life in San Antonio improved for Harris. He participated in football, basketball, and soccer, and played in his school's marching band. As a sophomore, he formed a rhythm and blues band, which he stayed in for the next four years. He earned his own way playing in the band on weekends and as a sacker at the local grocery store. He also worked at the Hilton Hotel in the maintenance department and as a laborer for a landscaping company.

Harris attended the University of Houston and earned a bachelor's degree in 1978. From there, he entered the Texas Tech University School of Medicine. He did his residency at the Mayo Clinic and was surprised on his first day to discover that his teacher had once worked for the NASA space program. Once Harris shared his dream of being an astronaut with his teacher, he was put into contact with NASA, where he was told that to fit their needs he should get research experience. He did research with some of the top physicians in the country in osteoporosis and parleyed that into a fellowship in endocrinology at NASA/Ames Research Center in California after completing his residency in internal medicine.

In 1987, after he finished his fellowship, Harris applied for the astronaut program. That year, NASA selected 20 candidates, and Harris was one of them. In the end, however, only 15 could be accepted and Harris did not make the final cut. Instead, they offered him a job at the Johnson Space Center as a clinical scientist and flight surgeon. "It was a double-edged sword," says Harris. "It gave me a chance to either shine or shoot myself in the foot. I had two years to prove myself." In 1990, Harris once again applied to be an astronaut, and in the summer of 1991 he was accepted into the program.

Harris has flown two space shuttle missions. On his first flight, aboard Columbia in 1993, he carried the first Navajo item into space, a flag blessed by a Navajo medicine man. In 1995, Harris became the first African-American to walk in space when Discovery hooked up with Russia space station Mir.
Today, Harris addresses many young audiences and tells his story of a boy who dreamed of being an astronaut. He says, "You have to commit yourself to your dreams. You have to know what you want, and be willing to work hard to accomplish your dream."