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1953 Horatio Alger Award Winner

Adolph Zukor*

Paramount Pictures Corporation

"Of all the lands in the world, this is the only country where the door of opportunity is open to all honest persons."

Adolph Zukor was born to a Jewish family in Hungary in 1873. In 1889, at the age of 16, he immigrated to the United States. Having only $40 with him on the day he arrived, he soon enrolled in night school to study English and American business methods. His first job in a fur store paid only $2 a week. In 1892, he borrowed money on his honest reputation and opened his own fur business, Zukor's Novelty Fur Company. By the time he sold his business, he had 25 employees and a second branch.

Zukor entered the movie industry in 1903. He and partner Marcus Loew began a chain of penny arcades that featured the first motion pictures. In 1912, he established Famous Players in Famous Plays. Eventually, this studio evolved into Paramount Pictures, and Zukor served as president until 1936. He revolutionized the film industry by organizing production, distribution, and exhibition within a single company. After serving as an accomplished director and producer, Zukor retired in 1959 and assumed chairman emeritus status, a position he held until his death in Los Angeles at the age of 103.

* Deceased