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1964 Horatio Alger Award Winner

Pearl Buck*


"Do not yield for one moment to anything in our national life which denies democracy."

Pearl Buck was born in West Virginia in 1892. She spent her childhood in China with her missionary parents. She returned to America at age 17 to attend Randolph-Macon College, but later returned to China with her husband to serve as Presbyterian missionaries and university teachers. She received a master's degree from Cornell, where she won the Laura Messenger Prize in history on the subject "China and the West." Her first novel, East Wind/West Wind, appeared in 1930. Her most famous novel was The Good Earth, for which she won the Pulitzer Prize in 1932. In 1938, she became the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, awarded for the biographies of her parents, The Exile and The Fighting Angel. Following a divorce from her first husband, she married her publisher, John Day, and worked as an editor in the John Day Company. She wrote more than 100 works of literature.

* Deceased